Japanese Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (JVARM)
Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance on 15 agents was carried out in 2017. The most common coagulase-positive Staphylococcus spp. in both dogs and cats was S. pseudintermedius (91.7% of dogs and 70.8% of cats), followed by S. aureus (4.5% of dogs and 29.2% of cats). In addition, S. schleiferi subsp. Coagulans was collected from dogs (3.0%) and S. intermedius (0.8%) from cats.
In S. aureus isolated from cats resistance to MPIPC, cefazolin (CEZ), cephalexin (CEX), cefoxitin (CFX), cefotaxime (CTX), GM, EM, AZM, and CPFX was observed to exceed 40%. On the other hand, the SM resistance rate was less than 10% and no CP resistance was observed. In the realm of critically important antimicrobials for human medicine, the rate of CTX resistance was 61.9%, AZM resistance 66.7%, and CPFX resistance 61.9%.