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Japanese Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (JVARM)

http://www.maff.go.jp/nval/english/AMR/index.html

Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance on 8 agents was carried out between 2012 and 2015. Resistance to tetracycline (TC), nalidixic acid (NA), and ciprofloxacin (CPFX) exceeding 40% was observed in cattle-derived strains in 2015. On the other hand, rates of resistance to streptomycin (SM), erythromycin (EM), and chloramphenicol (CP) were less than 4%, less than 2%, and less than 2%, respectively. Resistance to CPFX, which is a critically important antimicrobial for human medicine, was 40.8% in cattle-derived strains and 26.6% in chicken-derived strains.

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The unit of BP is μg/mL.
* While GM was also included in the scope of monitoring, the proportion of GM-resistant strains was not listed because BP could not be established.
† BP follows CLSI Criteria.
The user must cite the source when using the Information on this page.Nippon AMR One Health Report (NAOR) 2018(Examples of source citation)
"Source: Nippon AMR One Health Report (NAOR) 2018"