Japan Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (JANIS)
Japanese Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (JVARM)
The propotion of fluoroquinolones resistant E.coli, which is important in human medicine, is high in humans and showed a continuous increase. The proportions in animals (cattles, pigs, and chickens) had been much lower than that in humans.
In humans, the proportions of LVFX-resistant, and in animals, CPFX-resistant E.coli were shown.